This page was last changed on 4 February , at By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. In , Sergio Rapu Haoa and a team of archaeologists discovered that the hemispherical or deep elliptical eye sockets were designed to hold coral eyes with either black obsidian or red scoria pupils. The average height of a Moai is 4 meters. The volcanic island is the most isolated inhabited landmass on Earth.

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The second moai from the right has a pukao on its head.

Within only a time span of one year the individuals that remained on the island were sick, injured, and lacking leadership. This article is about the monolithic statues of Easter Island. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Oral histories indicate that the toppling of the moai was part of a deadly conflict among the moaie, rather than an earthquake or other cause. The island at the end of the world. The Moai face sunset during the spring and autumn equinoxwith their backs to the sunrise.

The first attempt failed when the rollers jammed up. Most of the moai were still standing when Roggeveen arrived. From throughan American archaeologist, William Mulloyundertook extensive investigation of the production, transportation and erection of Easter Island’s monumental statuary.


In the Rapanui culture ahu has become a synonym for the whole marae complex. Please help improve this section if you can.

Moai (social support groups) – Wikipedia

Retrieved from ” https: Since the island was largely treeless by the time the Europeans first visited, the movement of the statues was a mystery for a long time; pollen analysis has now established that the island was almost totally forested until A. Why construction was abandoned is another mystery. Tukuturi at Rano Raraku is the only kneeling moai and one of the few made of red scoria. A total of 60 people pulled on several ropes in two attempts to tow the moai.

Contents 1 Description 2 History 2. There are about moai placed mainly around the coast of the island plus nearly more which were left not yet finished at Rano Raraku. Its back is richly decorated with carvings related to the island’s Birdman cult. InThor Heyerdahl invited Pavel Pavel to join him on a return expedition to Easter Island, where they tried his technique of “walking” moai. The quarries in Rano Raraku appear to have been abandoned abruptly, with a litter of stone tools; many completed moai remain outside the quarry awaiting transport and almost as many incomplete statues are still in situ as were installed on ahu.

Many of the moai were transported to and installed on an ahu —a stone pedestal upon which several moai were mounted, facing inland across the island. Oral histories recount how various people used divine power to command the statues to walk. Views Read Edit View history. Carved into solid basalt, they have resisted ages of harsh weather. Also, with the passing of time the sculptures increased in size to proportions that, it is believed, would have been impossible to transport.


Rano Raraku The quarry of the moai statues. Easter Island statues are known for their large, broad noses and strong chins, along with rectangle-shaped ears and deep eye slits. The quarries mais Rano Raraku appear to have been abandoned abruptly, with a litter of stone tools and many completed koais outside the quarry awaiting transport and almost as many incomplete statues still in situ as were installed on ahu. Pukao are the hats or “topknots” formerly placed on top of some moai statues that had been erected on ahu.

Moai Statues

Island on the Edge. In addition to representing deceased ancestors, the moai, once they were erected on ahu, may mosis have been regarded as the embodiment of powerful living or former chiefs and important lineage status symbols. InJo Anne Van Tilburg suggested fewer than half that number could do it by placing the sledge on lubricated rollers.

Unraveling the Mystery of Easter Island. The survivors of the slave raids had new company from landing missionaries. To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats.